6th Grade Science
The following standards will be used throughout all units:
Science and Engineering Practices
- Asking Questions and Defining Problems
- Developing and Using Models
- Planning and Carrying Out Investigations
- Analyzing and Interpreting Data
- Using Mathematics and Computational Thinking
- Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions
- Engaging in Argument from Evidence
- Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information
Unit 1: Introduction to Science
- Why is it necessary to understand and follow correct safety and equipment procedures?
- How is scientific knowledge generated and validated?
- How do engineers solve problems?
- What equipment should be used to promote safety in the lab?
- What actions should be taken to ensure safety in the lab?
- Are there consequences when safety procedures are not followed?
- Can there be consequences when equipment is not used appropriately?
- How can we communicate scientific findings in a way that is universally understood?
- Why do scientists gather, classify, sequence and interpret informational and visual data in order to recognize how organisms, places and events shape our world?
- What safety practices from the lab can be used at home?
- What types of safety equipment could be used outside of the laboratory?
- How does scientific inquiry relate to problem solving in our everyday life?
Unit 2: Matter
MS-PS1-1. Develop models to describe the atomic composition of simple molecules and extended structures.
MS-PS1-4. Develop a model that predicts and describes changes in particle motion, temperature, and state of a pure substance when thermal energy is added or removed.
MS-PS1-2. Analyze and interpret data on the properties of substances before and after the substances interact to determine if a chemical reaction has occurred.
MS-PS1-5. Develop and use a model to describe how the total number of atoms does not change in a chemical reaction and thus mass is conserved.
MS-PS1-6. Undertake a design project to construct, test, and modify a device that either releases or absorbs thermal energy by chemical processes.
- What are the structures, properties and interactions of matter?
- How do particles combine to form the variety of matter one observes?
- How do substances combine or change to make new substances?
- What is the difference between atoms and molecules of a substance?
- What factors determine the stage of matter a substance is in?
- How does adding or removing thermal energy affect the particle motion, temperature and state of matter of an object?
- How do the physical and chemical properties of a substance help identify it?
- What is the difference between heat and temperature?
- What factors determine how quickly the thermal energy can change the temperature of a substance?
- How do substances change during a chemical reaction?
- What happens to the energy and mass during a chemical reaction?
- How do engineers solve problems?
- What is the process for developing, comparing, and improving potential design solutions?
- How can various proposed design solutions be compared and improved?
Unit 3: Energy
MS-PS3-1. Construct and interpret graphical displays of data to describe the relationships of kinetic energy to the mass of an object and to the speed of an object.
MS-PS3-2. Develop a model to describe that when the arrangement of objects interacting at a distance changes, different amounts of potential energy are stored in the system.
MS-PS3-3. Apply scientific principles to design, construct, and test a device that either minimizes or maximizes thermal energy transfer.
MS-PS3-4. Plan an investigation to determine the relationships among the energy transferred, the type of matter, the mass, and the change in the average kinetic energy of the particles as measured by the temperature of the sample.
MS-PS3-5. Construct, use, and present arguments to support the claim that when the kinetic energy of an object changes, energy is transferred to or from an object.
- How is energy transferred and conserved?
- What are the different factors that determine the kinetic and potential energy of an object?
- How does kinetic energy affect temperature?
- What are the factors that affect energy transfer between objects or systems?
- What changes occur to an object due to conservation of energy?
- How do people use energy in their everyday lives?
- How could we use energy from the sun to improve our lives?
Unit 4: Motion and Stability Forces and Interactions
MS-PS2-1. Apply Newton’s Third Law to design a solution to a problem involving the motion of two colliding objects.
MS-PS2-2. Plan an investigation to provide evidence that the change in an object’s motion depends on the sum of the forces on the object and the mass of the object.
MS-PS2-3 Ask questions about data to determine the factors that affect the strength of electric and magnetic forces.
MS-PS2-5. Conduct an investigation and evaluate the experimental design to provide evidence that fields exist between objects exerting forces on each other even though the objects are not in contact.
- What are the different types of interactions between objects and within systems of objects and how do the interactions affect the objects?
- Why are there predictable patterns of an object’s continued motion or changes in motion?
- What underlying forces explain the variety of interactions observed?
- How does a force acting on an object affect the object and its environment?
- How is the motion of the object affected by force and mass?
- How does the frame of reference affect the description of an object’s motion?
- How do different factors affect electric and magnetic forces?
- How are forces able to interact at a distance?
- How do the interactions of forces affect you and the world around you?
Unit 5: Earth's Place in the Universe
MS-ESS1-1. Develop and use a model of the Earth-sun-moon system to describe the cyclic patterns of lunar phases, eclipses of the sun and moon, and seasons.
MS-ESS1-2. Develop and use a model to describe the role of gravity in the motions within galaxies and the solar system.
MS-ESS1-3. Analyze and interpret data to determine scale properties of objects in the solar system.
MS-PS2-4. Construct and present arguments using evidence to support the claim that gravitational interactions are attractive and depend on the masses of interacting objects.
- What is the universe, and what is Earth’s place in it?
- What are the predictable patterns caused by Earth’s movement in the solar system?
- How does gravity affect the motion within the solar systems?
- What are the differences and similarities of the objects in the solar system?
- How can we measure these objects if they are so big and so far away?
- How does the arrangement of the solar system make Earth suitable for life?
Unit 6: System of Plate Tectonics
MS-ESS2-3.Analyze and interpret data on the distribution of fossils and rocks, continental shapes, and seafloor structures to provide evidence of the past plate motions.
- How and why is Earth constantly changing?
- Why do the continents move?
- What evidence do scientists have that show that the continents are moving?
Unit 7: Natural Resources
MS-ESS3-1. Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how the uneven distributions of Earth’s mineral, energy, and groundwater resources are the result of past and current geoscience processes.
MS-PS1-3. Gather and make sense of information to describe that synthetic materials come from natural resource and impact society.
- Why are Earth’s resources distributed unevenly?
- How do humans depend on Earth’s resources?
- How do Earth’s surface processes and human activities affect the distribution of resources?
- How are synthetic materials formed and what are they used for?
- What are the different natural resources that you use and where do they come from?
- How do synthetic materials impact society?
Unit 8: Water on Earth's Surface
MS-ESS2-4. Develop a model to describe the cycling of water through Earth’s systems driven by energy from the sun and the force of gravity.
MS-ESS2-6. Develop and use a model to describe how unequal heating and rotation of the Earth cause patterns of atmospheric and oceanic circulation that determine regional climates.
MS-ESS2-2. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how geoscience processes have changed Earth’s surface at varying time and spatial scales.
- How do the properties and movements of water shape Earth’s surface and affect its systems?
- What drives the process of the Earth’s water systems?
- What are the forces that affect the ocean’s currents?
- How does the movement of water on Earth change the surface?
- How is the Great Pacific Garbage Patch connected to us in Illinois?
Unit 9: Factors that Effect Weather and Climate
MS-ESS2-5. Collect data to provide evidence for how the motions and complex interactions of air masses results in changes in weather conditions.
- How do the properties and movements of water in the atmosphere affect its systems?
- How do different factors affect weather patterns? ( wind, landforms, ocean temperature, and ocean currents)
- How is your location impacted by global weather patterns?
Unit 10: Ecosystems
MS-LS2-1. Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence for the effects of resource availability on organisms and populations of organisms in an ecosystem.
MS-LS2-2. Construct an explanation that predicts patterns of interactions among organisms across multiple ecosystems.
- How do organisms interact with living and nonliving environments to obtain matter and energy?
- How are organisms dependent on both living and nonliving factors?
- How do organisms competition for limited resources affects their population?
- How do interactions between organisms affect their survival?
- How are humans impacted by/impacting ecosystems?