• Vocabulary




    “Vocabulary plays an important part in learning to read. Beginning readers
    must use the words they hear orally to make sense of the words they see in

    Consider, for example, what happens when a beginning reader comes to the word dig in a book. As she begins to figure out the sounds represented by the letters d, i, g, the reader recognizes that the sounds make up a very familiar word that
    she has heard and said many times. It is harder for a beginning reader to
    figure out words that are not already part of their speaking (oral) vocabulary.

    Vocabulary also is very important to reading comprehension. Readers cannot understand what they are reading without knowing what most of the words mean. As children learn to read more advanced texts, they must learn the meaning of new words that are not part of their oral vocabulary.”
                                                                                             (Reading Rockets)


    What can you do at home to increase your child’s vocabulary?

    Ø Talk with your child to build his/her oral vocabulary. - Be open to questions
         and ask follow up questions. It’s also okay to use words your child might not
         understand.  Follow up the new word with its meaning. For example, say the
         dog was furious when someone took his bone. Furious means really angry or

    Ø Read aloud – Continue to read aloud to your child even after he/she is able to
         read independently. Choose books above your child’s level because they are
         likely to contain broader vocabulary. This way you are teaching him/her new
         words and how they are used in context.

    Ø Preview words – Before reading to or with your child, scan through the book,
         choose two words that you think might be interesting or unfamiliar to your
         child. Tell your child what these words are and what they mean. As you read
         the book, have your child listen for those words.

    Ø Word collecting – Have each family member be on the lookout for interesting
         words that they heard that day. At dinner or bedtime, have everyone share
         the words they collected and tell what they think it means. If a child shares
         an incorrect meaning, guide him/her to the correct meaning.  Try to use some
         of the words in conversation.