Types of Writing:
1. Narrative - tells a story. It can be non-fiction (auto-biographies, biographies, etc.)
or fiction (fairy tales, fictitious novels or short-stories.) This form of writing has
a beginning (character development and introduction to the plot line), middle
(additional plot, climax of the story) and end (conclusion or resolution of the
2. Informative/Explanatory - gives facts. It does not require the plot line of
narrative writing, nor the character development. You will find this form of writing
most frequently in news stories, articles, and reports. The information in
expository writing develops the main idea and provides additional details to support
this evidence, including facts or quotations.
3. Opinion/Persuasive - the author is trying to get the reader to believe in what he or
she is writing. Political speeches and speeches given by lawyers in the courtroom
are persuasive writing, as are reviews of movies or books and opinion articles in the
newspaper. Persuasive writing includes a main idea, introduction, body and
conclusion. The main idea encompasses what the author wants the reader to
believe, and the remaining information supports that central idea.
§ Begins sentence with capital letter
§ Stays on topic
§ Use correct punctuation marks (period, exclamation mark, question mark)
§ Puts spaces between words
§ Writes a complete sentence
§ Uses “brave” or “inventive” spelling
Author’s Purpose: Why did the author write this text?
Was it to… and how do you know?
- Persuade: The author tries to get you to do something or believe what he/she is
- Inform: The author gives you information about a topic.
- Entertain: The author tells us a story that we will enjoy.
Common Core State Standards for Writing:
Click on the following link for Kindergarten, First, and Second Grade Writing Standards: